A wine refrigerator (or wine cooler) chills your wine to perfect serving temperatures.
It would be ideal to store your wine in a wine cellar, which is very much alike a wine refrigerator, but also regulates humidity and comes with 3 different temperature zones – one for storage, one for chilling white wines, and the third for sparkling wines.
If possible, store your wines at aproximately 55 °F (13 °C), though some wines are better when served cooler.
Your refrigerator is probably set too cold for the majority of wines, not to mention that the temperatures oscillate each time you open it, and in a household with a large family, that happens frequently.
Wine demands stable temperature, and in the case of changeable temperatures and inadequate conditions the taste could be spoiled because of the possible chemical reactions.
Keeping it in a garage or some other place where temperatures change is also a bad idea. Your basement could be a good place for your wine refrigerator and your wines. Even if your refrigerator loses power, the temperatures are quite consistent there, and the wine will be well kept.
Different wines demand different temperatures for storing and serving. Rich red wines are best served between 59-66 °F (15-19 °C), and light red wines at 55°F (13 °C). Rose and dry white wines between 46-57 °F (8-14 °C), and sparkling wines and champagne between 43-47 °F (6-8 °C).
The reason why you should keep your wine on its side is to maintain that the cork is moist. Remember that the oxygen is not a friend of your wine, and if the cork dries, the air will enter the bottle and ruin the wine. Unlike a wine cellar, a wine refrigerator can easily stay under the counter and will not use too much space.
It will secure that your bottles do not pick up food odors or vibrations that can spoil the wine. In some models, there are options for setting the right temperature for different types of wines. Properly stored wines preserve their quality and improve in bouquet and flavor as they age. Storage is usually easy and simple, if those basic rules are followed.
There are two major types of wine refrigerators: built-in units and free standing units. Built-ins can usually fit under the counter and hold up to 50 bottles of wine. Freestanding units can vary from small models that hold only about 15 wines to large ones that hold 100 or more.
The advantage of a freestanding unit is that you can place is anywhere in your house, and buy the one that fits your needs. Also, you can buy one that looks like your furniture, which adds some sort of style to your wine storage. Built-ins are normally more expensive.
Any person who genuinely enjoys a good bottle of wine should consider investing in a wine refrigerator, because it will make a difference every time you open that bottle of perfectly chilled wine.